Genealogy Center

Using Census Records to Discover Military Service

Using Census Records to Discovery Military Service

Some census records provide good clues about your ancestor's military service. Census records for these years are especially helpful:

  • 1790 Presidio of Santa Fe, Spanish & Colonial Census of New Mexico
  • 1823 Presidio of Santa Fe, New Mexico Colonial Census
  • 1890 Veterans Schedule, U.S. Census. The 1890 Census included a veterans schedule for enumerating Union veterans of the Civil War (although some Confederates were also counted) and their widows; about half of the U.S. schedules survived a fire. New Mexico is fortunate in having these schedules complete.
  • 1930 U.S. Census included a box that was marked if the person was a veteran and asked which war or expedition. This is especially helpful for identifying World War I and Spanish American War veterans.

New Mexico Military Records

New Mexico Military Records

The Genealogy Center and the Special Collections Library have a wealth of information on New Mexican's military service. With your library card you have free access to Fold3, one of the premier databases for military research, which includes searchable digitized images of millions of historical primary documents relating to the Revolutionary War, Civil War, World War I, World War II, Vietnam, and much more.

Ancestry Library Edition has a large number of military records, including World War I draft registration cards and questionnaires filled out by New Mexicans who served in World War I.

Colonial Soldiers

Colonial Soldiers

The Genealogy Center has microfilm copies of the Spanish Archives of New Mexico series II which contain military documents for this time period.

These books available at the Genealogy Center will help you to identify your Spanish Colonial soldier ancestors.

Civil War in New Mexico

Civil War in New Mexico

Search the library catalog for the many Civil War pension applications and widow's Civil War pension applications for New Mexicans available in the Genealogy Center family vertical files. Civil War military records and Civil War pension application records are also available on Fold3.

The Genealogy Center has microfilmed copies of Union military records in New Mexico. These records are also available on the local area network at the Genealogy Center, and Fold3 and Ancestry Library Edition (available at your branch library) have these and Confederate records available. Also on microfilm at the Genealogy Center are Returns from U.S. Military Forts in New Mexico, 1800-1916.

The Veterans Schedule for the 1890 U.S. Census is especially helpful for identifying surviving soldiers, sailors, marines, and widows. It includes the person's name, rank, company, name of regiment or vessel, dates of enlistment and discharge, and disability incurred. This is available on Ancestry Library Edition and

Civil War Soldiers and Sailors Database from the National Park Service is also available.

These books available at the Genealogy Center will help you to identify your Civil War ancestors in New Mexico.

New Mexicans in WWI

New Mexicans in World War I

World War I selective service draft registration cards 1917-1918 for New Mexicans are available on microfilm at the Genealogy Center or online on Ancestry Library Edition, which you can use from your closest ABC Library, and among other locations.

The Genealogy Center has microfilm copies of biographical questionnaires filled out by returning New Mexico WWI veterans just after the war and these are also available on Ancestry Library Edition as "New Mexico, World War I Records, 1917-1919 - Service Records."   About 70% of returning veterans completed these questionnaires.  Many of these questionnaires include photos and other correspondence. Also available on microfilm are lists of World War I casualties, wounded, unclaimed Gold Star Awards, and National Guard Enlistment Records for New Mexicans.

The following books available online and at the Genealogy Center will help you to identify your World War I ancestors from New Mexico:

sam kindrickWar service of the University of New Mexico - Hodgin, Charles E.
Full text available online. Also available in print (call number 978.961 Hodgin) and on the local area network at the Genealogy Center.

Soldiers of the Great War - Haulsee, W.M.
Full text of all three volumes available online

Charles W. "Sam" Kindrick from House, NM, the tallest guy
in his unit, posing with the shortest guy in his unit.

New Mexicans in WWII

New Mexicans in World War II

The Genealogy Center has WW II enlistments and Prisoners of War from New Mexico available on a local area network and on microfilm.

Bataan Memorial Museum from the New Mexico National Guard tells the history of the Bataan Death March.

The books below from the Genealogy Center tell the story of the role of New Mexicans in World War II.

Military Research Days

Military Research Group

Need help tracking down information about your family's military history?  Join the Military Research Group online or in person at the Genealogy Center on the first Tuesday of every month 10:30 am - noon  for an informative talk and a chance to get your questions answered.   See the Albuquerque Genealogical Society website for program details and information about attending online.

Experts in this area are also available to assist you at the Genealogy Center the last Tuesday of every month and at other times.  Email the Genealogy Center to set up a consultation:

Other helpful sites

Other Sites of Interest

New Mexico has two military cemeteries -- one in Santa Fe and one at Fort Bayard, near Silver City.